Lever Clothes Pins were designed in 1853 by an American inventor as an improvement to the cylindrical pins made in the 1700 by the shakers. All Clothes pins made by Mefford Endeavors begin with Kiln dried boards of locally sourced wood. Depending on availability, we use Ash (or Maple if Ash is unavailable) because of the strength and durability of the wood. Unlike larger mass production factories, our clothes pins are manufactured in small batches by hand in our woodshop in Morris CT. We being the 15 step process by planning the boards down to the proper thickness. The thinner boards get trimmed down into smaller workable pieces called flitches We then begin to cut all the groves and lines for the spring, clothesline, and finger grips. Once the lines and groves are complete, we slice the small boards into clothes pin halves. Since the edges tend to be rough, and unsightly, we send all the pin halves into a tumbler with a custom finish to smooth the edges and apply a nontoxic beeswax protective coating. We still make our products one piece at a time with love and attention to detail.